Participation in formal and/or non-formal education across OECD countries

昨日の研究会の論文でparticipation rates in formal and non-formal continuing education and trainingという統計が少し気になっていた。

Education at a Glance2011で言うと、下記のindicatorを使っているもよう。


Formal education is defined as education provided in the system of schools, colleges, universities and other
formal educational institutions, and which normally constitutes a continuous “ladder” of full-time education
for children and young people.
Non-formal education is defined as an organised and sustained educational activity that does not correspond exactly to the above definition of formal education. Non-formal education may therefore take place both within and outside educational institutions and cater to individuals of all ages. Depending on country contexts, it may cover educational programmes in adult literacy, basic education for out-of-school children, life skills, work skills, and general culture. The EU Adult Education Survey uses an extensive list of possible non-formal education activities, including courses, private lessons and guided, on-the-job training to prompt respondents to list all of their learning activities during the previous 12 months. Some of these learning activities might be of short duration.

ちょっとこれだけだとよくわからないが、EU Adult Education Surveyというので詳しく尋ねているようだ。

Data for non-European countries were calculated from country-specific household surveys (see Annex 3). Data for countries in the European Statistical System come from the pilot EU Adult Education Survey (AES). The EU AES was conducted by 29 countries in the EU, EFTA and candidate countries between 2005 and 2008. The EU AES is a pilot exercise using a common framework, including a standard questionnaire, tools and quality reporting.


As Chart C5.1 shows, in OECD countries, almost 75% of the expected instruction hours will be in job-related
non-formal education. In the Czech Republic, Denmark and Norway, more than 86% of the expected hours are in job-related instruction, while in Korea, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey and the United States, at least 40% of hours of instruction in non-formal education are related to personal reasons.

On average, 13% of individuals with a tertiary education are enrolled in formal education compared with 3%
of individuals with low levels of education (Table C5.3a). Younger adults are much more likely to attend formal
studies (17% of 25-34 year-olds) than are older individuals (2% of 55-64 year-olds) (Table 5.3c, available on
line). Across OECD countries, participation in formal education by 25-64 year-olds does not differ much by
gender (Table C5.3b, available on line) or status in the labour force (Table C5.3d, available on line).